GCSE Requirements for Medicine

Wondering what the GCSE requirements for Medicine are? This page will guide you through GCSE entry requirements, including subjects and grades, for different medical schools.

Want to know more about the new GCSE scoring system? Find out more on our GCSE Reform page.

See different medical school entry requirements

What Are Each University’s GCSE Requirements for Medicine?

Below is a table of different medical schools in the UK and their GCSE requirements for Medicine, including subject and grade requirements.

Please note that while we have tried to ensure that this information is kept as up to date as possible, entry requirements are subject to change. If you have any specific questions about GCSE entry requirements for Medicine, we suggest contacting the universities themselves.

UniversityGCSE Requirements
AberdeenGrade 5 passes in English and Maths are required. Biology is recommended; Physics is recommended (or Dual Award Science). A combination of Grade 6-9 passes at GCSE is expected, especially in science subjects.
Anglia Ruskin5 GCSEs at grade A - C (9-4), including English Language, Maths and two science subjects.
AstonFive GCSEs/IGCSEs at grade B/6 or above, must include English Language, Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology or Double Science (or overseas equivalent).
Barts (Queen Mary, University of London)777666 or AAABBB - Must include: Biology or Human Biology; Chemistry; English Language; Mathematics or Additional Mathematics or Statistics; Science (Double Award) may substitute any individual science.
BirminghamA total of seven GCSEs must be offered. The required subjects are: English Language at grade B/6 or higher, Mathematics (or one, but not both, of Methods in Mathematics and Applications of Mathematics) at grade B/6 or higher, and Biology and Chemistry or dual award science at grade B/6 or higher.
Brighton and SussexThey require all applicants to have obtained grade B or above or grade 6 or above in Maths and English Language or English Literature.
BristolAdvanced numeracy requirement (7 or A in GCSE Maths or equivalent) and Standard literacy requirement (4 or C in GCSE English or equivalent)
BuckinghamIn the case of applicants who do not have Biology at A-Level, they should have studied the subject to GCSE level and achieved at least a grade B.
CambridgeThere are no GCSE (or equivalent) requirements for entry to Cambridge. GCSE results are looked at as a performance indicator, but within the context of the performance of the school/college where they were achieved.

Applicants have generally achieved high grades in subjects relevant to their chosen course, and most students who apply have at least four or five As or A*s at GCSE (7 is considered equivalent to an A in the new grading structure; and 8 and 9 is considered equivalent to an A*). However, there are always exceptions and we don’t require a minimum number of As/A*s at GCSE.
CardiffAll applicants must achieve the minimum requirements at GCSE. Applicants will receive a score based on their best nine GCSEs.

This score will include the following subjects as a minimum: English Language at Grade 6 (B), At least one of Mathematics or Numeracy at Grade 6 (B), Science at either 66 (BB) in Science and Additional Science (formerly Double Award Science) or equivalent. Or, 66 (BB) in Chemistry and Biology. Or, 66 (BB) in Core Science and one of Additional Science or further Additional Science.

Other subjects not stated above, to make a total of nine, at a minimum of grade B. GCSE Welsh first language and second language is accepted and can be offered as one of the nine subjects as long as the English Language minimum above has been met.

GCSE Human Biology will be considered but not in conjunction with standard GCSE Biology.
DundeeWe also require biology, mathematics and English at least to GCSE grade B / 6, if not studied at A-level (A2). Achievement at GCSE and AS level will also be taken into account.
Edge Hill University You will need at least five GCSEs at Grade B or Grade 6 or above (or equivalent) at the time of application, including Biology, Chemistry, English Language and Mathematics. GCSE Double Science will be accepted in lieu of separate GCSEs in Biology and Chemistry.
EdinburghThe selection process for 2020 entry is currently being reviewed and will be updated as and when new information becomes available.
ExeterYou will need to show evidence of acceptable levels of literacy and, where applicable, numeracy. This is normally evidenced by GCSE English and GCSE Mathematics with a minimum pass of Grade C. Higher grades may be specified for individual programmes of study.
GlasgowGCSE English at Grade B (or Grade 6 or above).
Hull YorkWe require applicants to have at least 8 GCSEs A*/9 - C/4 or equivalent. GCSE English Language grade B/6 or above; GCSE Maths grade B/6 or above.
ImperialGrade B / 6 in English Language. If candidates don't have this, GCSE English must be retaken (and made clear on the application).
Kent and Canterbury Christchurch From 2020 Entry - Normally A* to B or 9 to 6. Five subjects, which must include: English Language and Mathematics. They also require Biology, Chemistry and Physics. Double Science will be accepted as an alternative to the three separate sciences.
KeeleA Minimum of 5 x A/7 with a minimum of B/6 in Maths, English Language and Sciences. Please note all GCSE requirements must be met prior to application, with the exception of applicants undertaking Access courses and Maths/English GCSEs simultaneously.

They require a minimum of five GCSE subjects at grade A/7, not including short-course GCSEs. Mathematics, English Language, Biology, Chemistry and Physics (or Double Science and Additional Science/Triple-Award Science) must be passed at a minimum of grade B/6. Applied Science is not an acceptable GCSE.
KCLGCSE grade 6/B in both English Language and Mathematics required.
LancasterA minimum score of 15 points from 9 subjects (A or A* or 7-9 = 2 points; B or 6 = 1 points. The nine subjects must include: Core & Additional Science (or Biology, Chemistry and Physics), Maths and English at grade B/6 or above.
Leeds6 A*-B or 9-5, including Chemistry and Biology (or Dual Science/Double Science), English Language and Mathematics.
LeicesterYou must have English Language, Maths and either Double Science or Chemistry and Biology - all at Grade B or 6.
Lincoln (in partnership with University of Nottingham)Applicants will need at least six GCSEs at Grade 7 (A), including Biology and Chemistry, one of either Physics or Maths must also be passed to Grade 7 (A), with the other being Grade 6 (B) and a minimum of Grade 6 (B) in English Language. Double Science requirement is 7, 7 and Triple Science is 7, 7, 7.
LiverpoolGCSEs in nine separate subject areas: attained by the end of Year 11 and at least a score of 15 points or better (where A*/A = 2; B = 1) from the nine and including: Core & Additional Science (or Biology, Chemistry, and Physics), English Language, and Mathematics (all at least grade B). Preference may be given to applicants with a higher GSCE score.

Two points is the maximum score awarded in each subject area (e.g. Only one of Maths and Further Maths will be considered and 2 points at most will be available for Dual award GCSEs except for Dual Science for which up to 4 points may be awarded).
ManchesterWe require at least five GCSEs at grade A or A*.

English Language, Mathematics and at least two science subjects are required at GCSE minimum grade B. If Dual Award Science or Core and Additional Science are offered, the minimum required is BB.

If you are resitting any GCSE subjects, you must explain the circumstances that prompted this. We do not currently accept short courses; however, Level 2 BTEC qualifications are acceptable (at distinction grade or above) in lieu of one GCSE.

Due to the phased introduction of GCSE reform in England, we will accept a mixture of GCSE grading scales. We can confirm our position in terms of equivalencies:

A* = 8
A = 7
B = 6
C = 4
NewcastleIf only one of Biology and/or Chemistry is offered at A level, the other should be offered at GCSE grade A or 7 (or Dual Award Science grade A or 7).

Once the academic criteria have been met, academic achievement is not considered further in subsequent parts of the application process e.g. additional A levels or A* results or additional GCSE results are not considered.
NorwichSix GCSEs are required at Grade 7 or Grade A or above, including Mathematics and either two single Science subjects (Biology, Chemistry or Physics) or Double Science. Alternatively Science, Additional Science and Further Science GCSEs are accepted. GCSE English Language Grade 6/B is required too.
NottinghamAt least six GCSEs are required at Grade 7 (A). If you are taking Sciences as individual subjects (Triple Science), then 7 (A) is required in Biology and Chemistry, plus one of either Physics or Maths passed to Grade 7 (A) with the other being Grade 6 (B) in English Language. If you are taking the Double Science (or Combined Science), the requirement is 7,7 and Maths and English Language must both be passed at Grade B (6). A pass is required in Science practical tests, if assessed separately.
OxfordYou would be expected to hold a broad range of GCSEs, in both sciences and arts subjects. You should have top results - that is mostly A*s for your application to be competitive. On average, our applicants hold around 80% of GCSEs grades at A* and have 8.5 A* grades - although successful applicants may have a higher proportion of A*s than this.
PlymouthApplicants need to achieve 7 GCSE passes at grades A-C/9-4 which must include English language, mathematics and either GCSE double award science or two from single award chemistry, biology, or physics.
Queen'sGCSE performance in the best 9 subjects will be scored with 4 points awarded for an A* (grades 8 and 9 on the new 9-1 grading scale), 3 points for an A (grade 7), 2 points for a B (grade 6) and 1 point for a C (grades 4 and 5).

From 2021 entry, in view of the re-alignment of the A* with a Grade 9, scoring will change to 4 points for a Grade 9 and 3 points for Grades 7 and 8.
SheffieldYou should have at least five grade A (grade 7) GCSE subjects;
GCSE passes at grade B (grade 6) or above in Mathematics, English and at least one science subject (which may be dual awards);
The five A grades may include Mathematics, English or a science subject;
Acceptable science GCSEs include: Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Science, Physics, Psychology, Sciences (dual awards).

The GCSE requirements should have been met by the point of application; the relevant GCSEs should have been studied for no longer than two years; the relevant GCSEs do not have to be obtained in the same sitting or year; GCSE resits are accepted and any and all GCSE resits must be taken in the same sitting (unlike first sittings), and only one resit per GCSE is permitted. Only those GCSEs that do not meet the above entry requirements need to be retaken; a combination of numerically and alphabetically graded GCSEs is acceptable and non-GCSE qualifications (such as Level 2 OCR qualifications) taken alongside GCSEs are not considered as equivalent and do not count towards meeting the GCSE requirement.
SouthamptonApplicants must hold 6 GCSEs at Grade A/7 or above, including Mathematics with Biology and Chemistry, or Mathematics with Additional Science and Science or Mathematics with Combined Science. English Language (or GCSE English) is required at a minimum of Grade B/6.
St AndrewsIf Biology, Mathematics and English are not offered at Advanced (A2) or AS Level, each must normally have been passed at GCSE Grade B (Grade 5 in numerical grading) or better. Dual Award Science is not acceptable in lieu of GCSE Biology.
St George'sA minimum of 5 GCSEs at grade 6 (or grade B) or above. Must include: English Language, Maths and Science (Double or Triple Award Science).
Sunderland5 subjects at grade A (7) with a minimum of grade B (6) in Maths, English Language, Biology, Chemistry and Physics.
Swansea (Graduate Entry)Graduate Entry only - GCSE Mathematics and English/Welsh at grade C or above.
UCLAll UK candidates, or those who have received their secondary education in the UK, must offer GCSE (or IGCSE, O-level, IB or EB equivalent) at Grade B or above in both English Language and Mathematics. For candidates taking the new style of GCSEs with numerical outcomes rather than letter grades, the requirement is for a score of 6 in both English Language and Mathematics.

UCL expects all UK applications to offer a Modern Foreign Language (not including Ancient Greek, Biblical Hebrew or Latin) at GCSE Grade C or equivalent (the requirement for the new style of GCSEs with numerical outcomes will be a score of 5).

Candidates can be admitted if they do not offer a foreign language GCSE (and their application will not be disadvantaged), but they would be obliged to take a language course during their first year.
UCLanStudents must be able to provide evidence of sustained academic achievement (GCSE or equivalent to include English Language B or higher) with a broad study of Science and Math up to the age of 15-16.
Warwick (Graduate Entry)Graduate Entry only - GCSE requirements unspecified.

Which GCSE Subjects are Required by Universities?

Medical schools require GCSE Maths, English and Sciences, and most require them at a minimum grade B/6. However, most medical schools stress that these requirements are minimum and most successful candidates will score As and A*s (or 7s, 8s and 9s) at GCSE.

Many medical schools also have specific requirements for science subjects, so make sure to check these on the individual medical school’s website.

For example, some universities, like Cardiff, require either grades AA in Science and Additional Science (formerly Double Award Science) or equivalent, or AAB in Chemistry, Physics and Biology in any order.

However, Edinburgh state that Additional Applied Science and Applied Science will not be accepted – make sure you know the GCSE requirements of each school so you can choose your subjects wisely.

As competition for medical school is highly competitive, it’s important to achieve the best results you can at GCSE.

Not least because it will indicate which A-Levels you choose, but also because many medical schools look at your GCSE grades as the academic basis for interview, so make sure you work hard to the best of your ability!

Which A-Levels Should You Choose?

Should you study Biology, Chemistry or both at A-Level?

You might find it useful to visit our pages on What A-Levels do you Need To Be A Doctor? and How To Choose Your A-Levels for Medicine for information on which subjects to choose – and those to avoid.

Learn More:


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