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GCSE Requirements for Medicine

Wondering what the GCSE requirements for Medicine are? This page will guide you through GCSE entry requirements, including subjects and grades, for different medical schools.

Want to know more about the new GCSE scoring system? Find out more on our GCSE Reform page.


What Are Each University’s GCSE Requirements for Medicine?

Below is a table of different medical schools in the UK and their GCSE requirements for Medicine, including subject and grade requirements.

Please note that while we have tried to ensure that this information is kept as up to date as possible, entry requirements are subject to change. If you have any questions about GCSE entry requirements for Medicine, we suggest contacting the universities themselves.

UniversityGCSE Requirements
AberdeenEnglish Language and Maths Grade C; combination of A and B passes at GCSE expected, especially in science subjects. Biology is recommended; Physics is recommended (or Dual Award Science).
Barts (Queen Mary, University of London)All eligible applicants must have the following subjects at GCSE level, at grades AAABBB (777666 for GSCEs taken from 2015) or above (in any order) to include Biology (or Human Biology), Chemistry, English Language, and Mathematics (or Additional Mathematics or Statistics). The Science Double Award may substitute all sciences at GCSE.
BirminghamAn application will receive a score for academic achievement based on GCSE (or equivalent) results. The subjects that will be scored are: English (both English Language and English Literature), Mathematics (or one, but not both, of Methods in Mathematics and Applications of Mathematics), Science (either, both of Biology and Chemistry or Double Award Science), plus two additional GCSEs (any subject). For the subjects specified above, a minimum grade of B must be offered. It is expected that the scores allocated to the different grades will be in the ratio of 4:2:1 (for A*, A, B, respectively). For each of the two unspecified subjects, a score of 2 will be allocated when an A* grade has been obtained (lower grades will not receive a score).
Brighton and SussexEnglish Language/Literature and Maths, Grade B or above.
BristolMinimum five GCSEs at grade A to include Mathematics, English Language and two science subjects. In England, where numerical GCSE grades will start to replace letter GCSE grades, we will be aligning the two grading schemes as follows: 4 or 5 is C, 6 is B, 7 is A, and 8 or 9 is A*.
CambridgeGrade C or above in Double Science and Maths (two single awards in Biology and Physics can be substituted for double science).
Cardiff5 Year Course and Foundation Course: B in Mathematics, B in English Language, AA in Science and Additional Science, or AAB in three separate sciences. These are the minimum and not the standard requirements. 4 Year Course: B in Maths, B in English Language.
DundeeThey require biology, at least to GCSE grade A. Chemistry, Mathematics and English at least to GCSE grade B.
EdinburghGrade B / 6 in Biology, Chemistry, English, Mathematics. Double Award combined sciences or equivalent at Grade BB / 66 may replace GCSE grades in sciences. Additional Applied Science and Applied Science will not be accepted.
ExeterGrade B English Language.
GlasgowA GCSE pass in English at 6 or above or Grade B is required.
Hull York8 GCSEs at grade A*-C or equivalent, or grades 4-9 in the reformed GCSEs. English Language and Maths at GCSE grade B or above, or reformed GCSE grade 6 or above (with a Pass in Spoken English), or equivalent.
ImperialGrade B in English Language. If candidates don't have this, GCSE English must be resat (and made clear on the application).
Keele5As; Maths, English Language & Science GCSE at a minimum of grade B/6. Science/Core Science (including AQA Science A or Science B) plus Additional Science is acceptable as an alternative to Biology, Chemistry and Physics. If Further Additional Science has been taken, this must also be passed at grade B. IGCSE double-award Science is also acceptable. Applied Science is not an acceptable GCSE. Please note that physics – as well as Biology and Chemistry – must have been passed at the required level, either as a stand-alone GCSE or as part of double/triple-award science.
King'sChemistry and Biology, including Grade B in English and Mathematics.
Lancaster9 subjects: 15 points (A*/A = 2 points, B = 1 point), including at least Grade B in English, Mathematics, Biology, Physics, Chemistry (or Core and Additional Science). Grade C must be achieved in all other subjects.
LeedsAt least 6 GCSEs at grades A* - B, to include the following: English Language; Maths; Dual Science/Double Science or Chemistry & Biology.
LeicesterAt least Grade B in English Language, Maths and two sciences, including Chemistry, or Double Science. They do not specify a minimum number of A* grades at GCSE but do take GCSE performance into consideration when selecting applicants for interview, as competition for our places is so intense.
LiverpoolGCSEs in nine separate subject areas: attained by the end of Year 11 and at least a score of 15 points or better (where A*/A = 2; B = 1) from the nine and including: Core & Additional Science (or Biology, Chemistry, and Physics), English Language, and Mathematics (all at least grade B).
ManchesterFor 2017 entry due to the phased introduction of GCSE reform in England they will accept a mixture of GCSEs. At least three subjects are required at Grade 8 or above plus at least three subjects at grade 7 and above. These subjects must include Chemistry, Biology and Physics, or Double Science or Core and Additional Science. English Language and Maths are required at Grade 6 or above. At least seven subjects are required at grade C or above; at least five must be at A or A*. English Language and Mathematics are required at GCSE minimum grade B.
NewcastleIf Chemistry or Biology are not offered at AS/A-Level, they must be offered at GCSE with Grade A or 7.
NorwichYou must have a minimum of six GCSE passes at grade A or above to include English, Mathematics and two Science subjects.
NottinghamAt least six GCSEs at grade A including Chemistry, Physics and Biology or Double Science. (Applied Science is not accepted); GCSE Grade B in English and Maths.
OxfordThere are no specific GCSE requirements for Medicine, though higher grades can help to make your application more competitive. Successful applicants typically have a high proportion of A and A* grades. However, in order to be adequately equipped for the BMAT, and if Biology, Physics or Mathematics have not been taken to A-Level (or equivalent), applicants will need to have received a basic education in those subjects (for example at least a grade C/4 at GCSE).
PlymouthApplicants need to achieve 7 GCSE passes at grades A-C which must include English Language, Mathematics and either GCSE single and additional science or GCSE Biology and Chemistry.
Queen'sGCSE Mathematics minimum grade C and either GCSE Physics minimum grade C or GCSE Double Award Science minimum grades CC are required if not offered at AS-level or A-level. In considering applications, GCSE performance in the best 9 subjects will be scored with 4 points awarded for an A* (grades 8 and 9 on the new 9-1 grading scale) and 3 for an A (grade 7).
SheffieldAt least eight GCSE subjects at grades A*- C. Of these, you must have six A grades in GCSE subjects that have been taken in one sitting. GCSE passes at grade C or above in Mathematics, English and the Sciences (which may be dual awards). The six A grades may include Mathematics, English and the sciences.
SouthamptonSix GCSEs at grade A or above, including either Maths, Biology and Chemistry, or Maths, Additional Science and Science. English Language is required at a minimum of grade B.
St AndrewsMinimum of 8 A grades (or 6 A* grades).
St George'sSt. George's assign points for GCSE grades (A* - 58; A - 52; B - 46; C - 40; D - 34; E - 28). Overall, you should have 416 points from the top eight subjects (equivalent to an average of grade A). Subjects must include: English Language (minimum grade B), Maths and Dual Award or the three separate sciences (Biology, Chemistry and Physics).
UCLAll UK candidates, or those who have received their secondary education in the UK, must offer GCSE (or IGCSE, O-level, IB or EB equivalent) at grade B or above in both English Language and Mathematics. UCL expects all UK applicants to offer a modern foreign language (not including Ancient Greek, Biblical Hebrew or Latin) at GCSE grade C or equivalent. This requirement does not apply to international students. Candidates can be admitted if they do not offer a foreign language GCSE (and their application will not be disadvantaged), but they would be obliged to take a language course during their first year.

Which GCSE Subjects are Required by Universities?

Medical schools require GCSE Maths, English and Sciences, and most require them at a minimum grade B. However, most medical schools stress that these requirements are minimum and most successful candidates will score As and A*s at GCSE.

Many medical schools also have specific requirements for science subjects, so make sure to check these on the individual medical school’s website. For example, some universities, like Cardiff, require either grades AA in Science and Additional Science (formerly Double Award Science) or equivalent, or AAB in Chemistry, Physics and Biology in any order. However, Edinburgh state that Additional Applied Science and Applied Science will not be accepted – make sure you know the GCSE requirements of each school so you can choose your subjects wisely.

As competition for medical school is highly competitive, it’s important to achieve the best results you can at GCSE. Not least because it will indicate which A-Levels you choose, but also because many medical schools look at your GCSE grades as the academic basis for interview, so make sure you work hard to the best of your ability!

Looking to Choose Your A-Levels?

You might find it useful to visit our pages on What A-Levels do you Need To Be A Doctor? and How To Choose Your A-Levels for Medicine for information on which subjects to choose – and those to avoid.


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